Volume 9, Issue 1 (Spring 2023)                   J Health Res Commun 2023, 9(1): 14-25 | Back to browse issues page

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BagherBarahouei F, Khammarnia M, Ansarimoghadam A. Determining Influential Factors on the Length of Stay in the Southeast Hospitals of the Country before and after the Outbreak of the COVID-19 Pandemic. J Health Res Commun 2023; 9 (1) :14-25
URL: http://jhc.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-838-en.html
Associate Professor in Health Care Management, Health Promotion Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
Abstract:   (831 Views)
Introduction and purpose: The spread of the COVID-19 disease and the increase in healthcare costs have made health care providers look for a solution to evaluate the performance of the healthcare delivery system. One of the effective indicators for determining the optimal use of hospital resources is the length of stay (LOS). This study was conducted to determine the effective factors on the LOS of patients in Zahedan hospitals, in Iran, before and after the outbreak of COVID-19.
Methods: The present descriptive study was conducted by examining the records of patients admitted to four general hospitals in Zahedan from 2018 to 2021. To analyze the data, independent t-tests, one-way analysis of variance, and Pearson's correlation coefficient were used.
Results: Out of 1600 examined patients, 59.2% were female and 40.8% were male. The mean and standard deviation of the patients’ LOS in general hospitals of Zahedan city was 3.4±3.5 days. It was found that LOS decreased after the outbreak of COVID-19 (3.5±3.7 days before the COVID-19 outbreak, 3.2±3.2 days after the COVID-19 outbreak). In general, LOS in terms of demographic characteristics, management factors, type of disease, history of underlying disease, and type of hospital had a significant difference (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Based on the findings of the present research, the average LOS of patients in general hospitals of Zahedan was favorable (less than 3.5 days). However, due to the lack of hospital resources, it is recommended to improve hospital processes and pay more attention to the variables affecting them.
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