Volume 9, Issue 1 (Spring 2023)                   J Health Res Commun 2023, 9(1): 88-98 | Back to browse issues page

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Amiri S, Amirpour B, Etesamipour R. Comparison of Mental Pain, Catastrophizing, and Fear of Childbirth in Nulliparous Women with and without Postpartum Depression: A Case Study of Motazedi Hospital in Kermanshah. J Health Res Commun 2023; 9 (1) :88-98
URL: http://jhc.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-824-en.html
Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (406 Views)
Introduction and purpose: Although childbirth and having children are considered a turning point and a pleasant event for women, the characteristics of the postpartum period are associated with unpleasant consequences and events that lead to numerous changes in mothers. For this reason, the need to care for mothers during this period and accurately identify the features of this period is undeniable. This study aimed to compare mental pain, catastrophic pain, and fear of childbirth in nulliparous women with and without postpartum depression.
Methods: This research was a descriptive-cross-sectional study conducted based on a causal-comparative design. The statistical population included all primiparous women in Kermanshah who referred to Motazedi Medical Center between February 2022 and April 2022. From the members of the community, 243 people were selected as a sample based on Cochran's formula. Sampling was done using the non-probability convenience method. The required data were collected using questionnaires, namely Edinburgh’s Postpartum Depression Inventory (2004), Orbach and Mikulincer Mental Pain Scale (2003), Sullivan, Bishop, and Pewick Pain Catastrophizing Scale (1995), and Harman's Childbirth Attitude Questionnaire (1998). Data were analyzed in SPSS28 using multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), at a significance level of 0.05.
Results: The results indicated that the mean scores of mental pain (M=66.49, F=60.65), pain catastrophizing (M=46.85, F=66.40), and fear of childbirth (M=50.22, F=65.01) were significantly higher in primiparous women with postpartum depression disorder than their counterparts without postpartum depression disorder (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Based on the results of the present study and in line with the research literature, it can be stated that emotions such as fear, cognitive distortions (e.g., catastrophizing and individuals' mentality in perceiving pain), and vulnerability are effective in depression after delivery.

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