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Chabahar Maritime University
Abstract:   (247 Views)
Introduction: Gender equity and good governance are the most important social indicators affecting the health status and well-being, therefore this study aimed to investigate the impact of gender inequality and good governance on health status in upper-middle-income countries.
Materials and Methods: The present ecological and applied study was performed for upper-middle-income countries using the cross-sectional panel data method and the Common Correlated Effect Mean Group estimator in STATA 16 software. The sample size was 33 upper-middle-income countries that were selected non-randomly. Data for 2000-2019 were extracted from World Bank and United Nations databases.
Results: The mean of life expectancy index, under-five mortality rate, gender inequality index and good governance were 71.25, 25.28, 0.42 and -1.26. The impact of gender inequality index, good governance index, health expenditures and women's participation rate on life expectancy were equal to -1.15, 0.031, 0.040 and 0.009, respectively, and impact of gender inequality index and per capita GDP on the infant mortality rate were 12.062 and -5.183, respectively.
Conclusion: Gender inequality index had a negative effect and good governance, health expenditures and women's participation rate in the labor market had a positive effect on life expectancy; Gender inequality index also had a positive effect and per capita GDP had a negative effect on child mortality rate. Therefore, policies to reduce gender inequality, such as improving women's education, increasing women's participation in parliament, and increasing women's employment are proposed.

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