summer                   Back to the articles list | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print


Chabahar Maritime University
Abstract:   (247 Views)
Introduction: Gender equity and good governance are the most important social indicators affecting the health status and well-being, therefore this study aimed to investigate the impact of gender inequality and good governance on health status in upper-middle-income countries.
Materials and Methods: The present ecological and applied study was performed for upper-middle-income countries using the cross-sectional panel data method and the Common Correlated Effect Mean Group estimator in STATA 16 software. The sample size was 33 upper-middle-income countries that were selected non-randomly. Data for 2000-2019 were extracted from World Bank and United Nations databases.
Results: The mean of life expectancy index, under-five mortality rate, gender inequality index and good governance were 71.25, 25.28, 0.42 and -1.26. The impact of gender inequality index, good governance index, health expenditures and women's participation rate on life expectancy were equal to -1.15, 0.031, 0.040 and 0.009, respectively, and impact of gender inequality index and per capita GDP on the infant mortality rate were 12.062 and -5.183, respectively.
Conclusion: Gender inequality index had a negative effect and good governance, health expenditures and women's participation rate in the labor market had a positive effect on life expectancy; Gender inequality index also had a positive effect and per capita GDP had a negative effect on child mortality rate. Therefore, policies to reduce gender inequality, such as improving women's education, increasing women's participation in parliament, and increasing women's employment are proposed.
 
     

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of health research in community

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb