Volume 7, Issue 1 (spring 2021)                   J Health Res Commun 2021, 7(1): 37-45 | Back to browse issues page

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Bahmani A, Einolahzadeh K, Fallahi A. Effect of Education on Parents' Behavioral Intention Regarding the Prevention of Dental Caries on the First Permanent Molars in Preschool Children. J Health Res Commun 2021; 7 (1) :37-45
URL: http://jhc.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-563-en.html
Health Education, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, ‎Sanandaj, Iran
Abstract:   (1705 Views)
Introduction and purpose:The first permanent posterior molars begin to grow at the age of six, and the prevention of dental caries on these teeth assumes critical importance in oral health.‎ The present study aimed to assess the effect of ‎distance education on parents' behavioral intention regarding the prevention of dental caries on the first permanent molars in preschool children in Sanandaj.
Methods: This experimental-interventional study was performed in Sanandaj in 2019. ‎According to statistical calculations, 120 parents of preschool children were selected via cluster-random sampling and assigned to two groups of intervention (n=60) and control (n=60). The data collection tool ‎was a researcher-made questionnaire with confirmed validity and reliability‎. The intervention group received distance education. Data were analyzed in ‎SPSS software ( version 20) using chi-square and independent t-tests.‎  
Results: Based on the results, no significant difference was observed between demographic variables ‎and constructs before the intervention (P>0.05).Nonetheless, following the educational intervention, a ‎significant difference was observed in the mean scores of knowledge, attitude, abstract norms, ‎perceived behavioral control, and behavioral intention‎ (P<0.05).‎
Conclusion: As evidenced by the obtained results, the implementation of distance educational intervention was effective in increasing ‎parents' behavioral intention regarding the prevention of dental caries on the first permanent molars in preschool children.
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